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Food and nutrition

How to recognise the approach of menopause?

 How to recognise the approach of menopause?

Menopause does not develop suddenly. It is preceded by a period of irregular cycles (pre-menopause).

What is the pre-menopause and perimenopause?

Pre-menopause starts when the frequency of periods decreases and the first hormonal changes appear (increase in gonadotropins).
It is marked by irregular cycles, with or without ovulation.
Perimenopause includes the pre-menopause and ends one year after the last period.

How long does the pre-menopause last?

This varies; it can take between several months and four years for your periods to stop completely.

What are the symptoms of the pre-menopause?

Pre-menopause is characterised by an irregular menstrual cycle. Periods are irregular, cycles are often shorter.
You may also experience bloating, hot flushes, mood swings, anxiety, trouble sleeping, vaginal dryness.

Can it affect your mood?

Pre-menopause is sometimes accompanied by bad moods. Both hormonal changes and the change in the way of life are implicated.
This problem may increase (around 50) as other life events occur (professional and family).
In some cases, you may need help. Talk to your doctor.

Should I stop my contraception?

No, because the risk of pregnancy remains until your periods have stopped.

Does this condition need treatment?

Menopause is not a disease, but a physiological change. In general, it does not need treatment.
If your general health allows and you wish to do so, your doctor can suggest hormonal treatment to alleviate certain problems linked to this stage in life.

Should I take food supplements?

Perimenopause is a difficult period. It includes a physical and psychological component which must be taken into account. Some people need support to get through this time and you shouldn’t hesitate to ask for help.

Publication date:   10/14/17
Date of modification:  12/20/11

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