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Managing your Condition


Taking care of your diabetes

Taking care of your diabetes

Having good control over your diabetes means understanding and regularly monitoring it in order to prevent the appearance or worsening of complications of the disease. This is what it means to monitor your diabetes.

Possible complications of diabetes

complications are caused by prolonged high levels of sugar in the blood, which damage the arteries of the heart and kidneys, the blood vessels in the eyes (in the retina), and the nerves (predominantly in the feet and legs).

Your treatment – medications, diet, physical activity – reduces the risks of complications related to your diabetes.


Monitoring your blood sugar level helps you adjust your treatment appropriately. This is augmented by blood tests taken by your doctor at regular check ups.

At regular check ups
  • Check glycated hemoglobin levels (or HbA1c): this is the gold standard test for controlling diabetes. It gives an estimate of the average blood sugar level over the course of the three previous months. It is performed by taking a blood test.
  • weight and blood pressure
  • Feet examination at every consultation: the condition of the skin, circulation and nerve sensitivity. If you are "at-risk" for foot damage, have your feet regularly cared for by a chiropodist.
Every year
  • complete blood lipid profile (good and bad cholesterol, triglycerides)
  • kidney function tests (albumin test by collecting a morning urine sample, blood creatinine test).
  • electrocardiogram
  • ophthalmologist, who will examine the back of your eyes and measure any possible loss of vision.
  • Dental check up
Publication date:   11/10/17
Date of modification:  5/12/10

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